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Therapeutic mechanisms of a mindfulness-based treatment for IBS: effects on visceral sensitivity, catastrophizing, and affective processing of pain sensations

Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is a prevalent functional disorder characterized by abdominal pain and hypervigilance to gastrointestinal sensations. We hypothesized that mindfulness training (MT), which promotes nonreactive awareness of emotional and sensory experience, may target underlying mechanisms of IBS including affective pain processing and catastrophic appraisals of gastrointestinal sensations.

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Developing and validating measures for child welfare agencies to self-monitor fidelity to a child safety intervention

Building evidence of effective practice in child welfare requires practitioners and researchers to know the extent to which programs are implemented in order to understand evaluation results. Fidelity monitoring is a critical strategy for ensuring that evidence-based and promising practices are implemented as intended and can be studied in real-world contexts. This paper addresses challenges to measuring fidelity in child welfare systems and presents an approach taken with one state to define fidelity criteria and measure fidelity to a child safety intervention.

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Parent and health care professional perspectives on family-centered care for children with special health care needs: are we on the same page?

A family-centered approach to health care for children with special health care needs (CSHCN) is widely acknowledged as the ideal model of service delivery, but less is known about the actual practice of family-centered care (FCC), especially from the viewpoints of parents and health care professionals. This cross-sectional research compared parent and health care professional perspectives on the degree to which FCC is being provided at a large, urban hospital in the United States. The Measure of Process of Care (MPOC) was administered to a representative sample of 92 parents of CSHCN; a convenience sample of 43 health care professionals completed the service provider version of the MPOC. A mixed-model analysis of variance was conducted to test for group differences on matched domain scores of the MPOC. No significant differences emerged between the two stakeholder groups, but significant …

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Mindfulness training reduces the severity of irritable bowel syndrome in women: results of a randomized controlled trial

This prospective, randomized controlled trial explored the feasibility and efficacy of a group program of mindfulness training, a cognitive-behavioral technique, for women with irritable bowel syndrome (IBS). The technique involves training in intentionally attending to present-moment experience and non-judgmental awareness of body sensations and emotions.

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Last Updated: 12/12/23