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Factor Structure of the Urban Hassles Index


This study examined the factor structure and psychometric properties of the Urban Hassles Index (UHI).

Exploratory factor analyses (EFAs) were conducted via principal axis factoring extraction method. Confirmatory factor analyses were conducted to evaluate the fit of the EFA-derived model using the weighted least squares estimator with mean and variance adjustments. Composite/scale scores were created for the extracted factors, with a total score derived by summing the scale scores. Criterion-related validity was examined using hierarchical regressions.

The UHI had four first-order factors (environmental nuisance, safety concerns, drug, and coercion) accounting for 43% of the total variance. Covariance among the first-order factors was explained by a higher second-order factor. Moderate factor correlations and evidence for the criterion-related validity of the subscales and total score indicated multidimensionality of the UHI.

The shortened 16-item UHI is a brief assessment tool evaluating stressors unique to urban adolescents, providing specific intervention targets.


Min, M.O., Kim, J-Y, Olgac, T., Francis, M.W., Shon, E-J, Yoon, D. (2018). Factor Structure of the Urban Hassles Index. Research on Social Work Practice, 28(6), pp. 741-750.

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Last Updated: 12/12/23